Tirol, or Tyrol, is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian Tirol and the Italian region of Südtirol/Trentino-Alto Adige. In 1919, after Worl War I St. Germain Treaty South Tirol became part of Italy. The northern part, including the Northern Tirol and Eastern Tirol, is today one of nine states (Bundeländer) of the Federal Republic of Austria with the capital located in Innsbruck. Tirol is divided into 9 districts (Bezirke) -Landeck, Reutte, Imst, Innsbruck Stadt, Innsbruck Land, Schwaz, Kufstein and Kitzbühel in the North Tirol and Lienz in the East Tirol- and 279 Communities (Gemeinden). The administration of the Tirol is led by the Tyrolean Regional Government (Tiroler Landesregierung) elected by the Parliament (Tiroler Landtag).
With 12,648 square kilometres and 700,000 inhabitants, Tirol is Austria´s third largest state. Only 13 % of the entire country is habitable with around 20 % of Tirol´s landscape declared nature preserve. Tirol shares borders with Germany (Bavaria), Italy (Südtirol) and Switzerland as well as the provinces of Vorarlberg, Salzburg and Carinthia. Großglockner, with 3,797 metres is East Tirol and Austria´s highest mountain. Wildspitze, with 3,770 metres is North Tirol´s highest mountain. Gepatschferner is Tirol´s largest glacier covering 17 km2.
Tirol, which was called "Land im Gebirge" (Land in the Mountains) in medieval times, is the perfect place for lovers of winter sports and mountains. Tirol offers you 38 scenic holiday regions at the heart of the Alps and is famous worldwide for some of the best ski areas in the Alps. Ski resorts like St. Anton am Arlberg, home of the world's first ski school founded by Hannes Schneider, Ischgl, Kitzbühel, Seefeld or Sölden achieved international renown.
The scenic Tirolean glacier ski areas of Kaunertal, Pitztal, Sölden, Stubaital and Hintertux, are known as outstanding year-round skiing areas where you can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of the alpine scenery while you ride ski runs covered with superb powder snow.